Standard Therapies

Treatments are selected to address individual symptoms as they develop. Renal transplantation effectively treats the renal disease, and bone marrow transplantation effectively treats the immunodeficiency and other hematological abnormalities. Blood thinning medications such as pentoxifylline, acetylsalicylic acid, dipyridamole, warfarin and heparin can transiently improve blood flow through the atherosclerotic arteries but do not provide enduring relief from cerebral ischemia. Treatment with acyclovir and some antibacterial agents has been beneficial for preventing or reducing the frequency of opportunistic infections. Hip replacement effectively treats the degenerative hip disease.

-National Organization for Rare Disorders